Resiliencia psicológica: Una aproximación hacia su conceptualización, enfoques teóricos y relación con el abuso sexual infantil

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Cristian Gustavo Pinto-Cortez

Resumen

El abuso sexual infantil constituye un grave problema de salud pública y una violación reiterada de los derechos humanos de miles de niños, niñas y adolescentes alrededor del mundo. Una prolífera investigación se ha desarrollado al respecto para determinar la magnitud del problema, los efectos psicológicos, los factores de riesgo y de protección. En ese contexto, cobra relevancia el enfoque de resiliencia al explicar los mecanismos que favorecen la adaptación positiva ante la adversidad. En el presente artículo, se expone, en una primera parte, el análisis del concepto de resiliencia y sus diferentes etapas de investigación a través del tiempo. Finalmente, se realiza una integración de este modelo positivo en la comprensión y abordaje de la victimización infanto-juvenil.

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Palabras clave
resiliencia, adaptación positiva, adversidad, abuso sexual infantil, factores de protección
Sección
Sección Especial

Referencias

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