Relaciones familiares, calidad de vida y competencia social en adolescentes y jóvenes colombianos


Sonia Carrillo

Karen Ripoll-Nuñez

Karen Ripoll-Nuñez

Victoria Cabrera

Victoria Cabrera

Hammer Bastidas

Hammer Bastidas


El propósito principal del estudio fue evaluar el papel de las relaciones afectivas dentro de la familia  y su influencia en dos aspectos centrales del funcionamiento del individuo: la competencia social y la calidad de vida, en una muestra de 103 adolescentes y jóvenes adultos colombianos. Los resultados mostraron asociaciones significativas diferentes para hombres y mujeres entre los subsistemas familiares, la calidad de vida y la competencia social de los participantes. Se discuten los resultados con base en la literatura sobre efectos diferenciales de las relaciones familiares en el bienestar psicológico y social de los adolescentes y



Palabras clave
relaciones familiares, calidad de vida, competencia social
Artículos originales


Armsden, G. C. & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Individual differences and their relationship to psychological well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 16, 427-453.

Berlin, L. J., Cassidy, J. & Appleyard, K. (2008). The influence of early attachments on other relationships. En J. Cassidy & Ph. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of Attachment (pp. 333-365) (2º ed). New York: Guilford.

Blake, J., Richardson, B. & Bhattacharya, J. (1991). Number of siblings and sociability. Journal of Marriage and Family, 53, 271-283.

Botello-Harbaum, M., Nansel, T., Haynie, D. L., Iannotti, R. J. & Simons-Morton, B. (2008). Responsive parenting is associated with improved type 1 diabetes-related quality of life. Child Care, Health and Development, 34, 675-681.

Cassidy, K., Fineberg, D., Brown, K. & Perkins, A. (2005). Theory of Mind May Be Contagious, but You Don’t Catch It From Your Twin. Child Development, 76 (1), 97-106.

Cheng, H. & Furnham, A. (2004). Perceived parental rearing style, self-esteem and self-criticism as predictors of happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5, 1-21.

Chyung, Y. & Lee, J. (2008). Intimate partner acceptance, remembered parental acceptance in childhood, and psychological adjustment among Korean college students in ongoing intimate relationships. Cross-Cultural Research, 42, 77-86.

Cutting, A. & Dunn, J. (2006). Conversations with siblings and with friends: Links between relationship quality and social understanding. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 24, 73-87.

Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E. & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276-302.

Diwan, R. (2000). Relational wealth and the quality of life. Journal of Socio-Economics, 29, 305-340.

Dunn, J. (2000).State of the art: Siblings. The Psychologist, 13, 244-248.

Edwards, L & López, S. (2006). Preceived family support, acculturation, and life satisfaction in Mexican American youth: A mixed methods exploration. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 279-287.

Furnham, A. & Cheng, H. (2000). Perceived parental behavior, self-esteem and happiness. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 25, 463-470.

Gringeri, A. & Von Mackensen, S. (2008). Quality of life in heamophilia. Haemophilia, 14, 19-25.

Kenny, M. E. & Rice, K. G. (1995). Attachment to parents and adjustment in late adolescent college students: Current status, applications, and future considerations. The Counseling Psychologist, 23, 433-456.

Ladd, G. (2005). Children’s peer relations and social competence: A century of progress. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Lamarche, V., Brendgen M., Vitaro, F., Pérusse, D. & Dionne, G. (2006). Do friendship and sibling relationships provide protection against peer victimization in a similar way? Social Development, 15, 373-393.

Laursen, B. & Mooney, K. S. (2008). Relationship network quality: Adolescent adjustment and perceptions of relationships with parents and friends. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 78, 47-53.

Lockwood, R., Kitzmann, K. & Cohen, R. (2001). The impact of sibling warmth and conflict on children’s social competence with peers. Child Study Journal, 31, 47-70.

McCoy, K., Brody, G. & Stoneman, Z. (2002). Temperament and the quality of best friendships: effect of same-sex sibling relationships. Family Relations, 51, 248-255.

Moss, E., St. Laurent, D., Dunois-Comtois, K. & Cyr, Ch. (2005).
Quality of attachment at school age: Relations between child attachment behavior, psychosocial functioning, and school performance. En K. Kerns & R. Richardson (Eds.), Attachment in middle school (pp. 189-211). New York: The Guilford Press.

Musitu, G. & Cava, M. J. (2002). El rol del apoyo social en el ajuste de los adolescentes. Intervención Psicosocial, 12, 179-192.

Noller, P. (2005). Sibling relationships in adolescence: learning and growing together. Personal relationships, 12, 1-22.
Olivia, A. & Arranz, E. (2005). Sibling relationships during adolescence. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2, 253-270.

Orbuch, T. L., Parry, C., Chesler, M, Fritz, J. & Repetto, P. (2005). Parent-child relationships and quality of life: resilence among childhood cancer survivors. Family Relations, 54, 171-183.

Parke, R. (2004). Development in the Family. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 365-399.

Parmar, P. & Rohner, R. P. (2005). Relations among perceived intimate partner acceptance, remembered parental acceptance, and psychological adjustment among young adults in India. Ethos, 33, 402-413.

Power, M., Bullinger, M., Harper, A. & The World Health Organization Quality of Life Group. (1999). The world health organization WHOQOL-100: tests of the universality of quality of life in 15 different cultural groups worldwide. Health Psychology, 18, 495-505.

Power, M. J. (2003). Quality of life. En S. J. López & C. R. Snyder (Eds.), Positive Psychological Assessment: A Handbook of Models and Measure (pp. 427-441). Washington: APA.

Rice, K. & Cummins, P. N. (1996). Late adolescence and parent perceptions of attachment: An exploratory study of personal and social well-being. Journal of Counseling and Development, 75, 50-57.

Ripoll-Núñez, K. & Alvarez, C. (2008). Perceived intimate partner acceptance, remembered parental acceptance and psychological adjustment among Colombian and Puerto Rican youths and adults. Cross-Cultural Research, 42, 23-34.

Ripoll, K., Carrillo, S. & Castro, J. (2009). Relación entre hermanos y ajuste psicológico: Los efectos de la calidad de la relación padres-hijos. Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana, 27 (1), 122-139.

Rohner, R. P. (1998). Father love and child development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 7, 157-161.

Rohner, R. P. (2005). Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ): Test Manual. En R. P. Rohner & A. Khaleque (Eds.), Handbook for the study of parental acceptance and rejections, 4th Edition (pp. 43-106). Storrs, CT: Rohner Research Publications.

Sánchez-Queija, I. & Oliva, A. (2003). Vínculos de apego con los padres y relaciones con los iguales durante la adolescencia. Revista de Psicología Social, 18 (1), 71-86.

Skevington, S. M. (2002). Advancing cross-cultural research on quality of life: observations drawn from the WHOQOL development. Quality of Life Research, 11, 135-144.

Thrinke, S. J. & Bartholomew, K. (1997). Hierarchies of attachment relationships in young adulthood. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 39, 77-91.

WHOQOL Group. (1998). The world health organization quality of life assessment (WHOQOL): development and general psychometric properties. Social Science and Medicine, 46, 1569-1585.

Zimmermann, J. J., Eisemann, M. R. & Fleck, M. P. (2008). Is parental rearing an associated factor of quality of life in adulthood? Quality of Life Research, 17, 249-255.

Vera, E., Thakral, Ch., González, R., Morgan, M., Conner, W., Caskey, E., Bauer, A., Mattera, L., Clark, S., Bena, K. & Dick, L. (2008). Subjective well-being in urban adolescents of color. Cultural diversity and ethnic minority psychology, 14, 224-233.